Considering that 70% of the pulses needed by the country are imported, the fluctuation of the dollar exchange rate in recent weeks is the most important reason for the increase in grain prices in recent days.
Every year, for various reasons, the consumption of pulses increases in mid-fall, because there is a possibility of a shortage of pulses in the fall. It’s onto the government to increase the import of pulses so that we do not suffer from shortages in the fall and prices to be controlled to some extent.
Unfortunately, climate change and drought have become a full-blown crisis for all countries of the world. Many countries that could supply their required products from domestic production or even export them failed to do so and have become importers. For example, last month Turkey, one of the world’s largest exporters of pulses, stopped exporting some of its products.
And India, as the largest consumer of pulses in the world, has reduced import tariffs to facilitate the import of pulses to ensure food security.
The dramatic increase in the price of beans these days is not hidden from anyone. Pinto beans, chickpeas, split chickpeas, lentils, red and white beans packaged in different brands weighing about 900 grams with prices of more than 50 thousand tomans and sometimes up to 70 thousand tomans are offered in the market .
The main reasons for the increase in pulses prices are the increase in input rates and production costs, exchange rates, and costs associated with sanctions such as the cost of currency transfers, intermediate purchases, and frequent relocation of freight routes. It should also be noted that during the Corona Pandemic, the world faced a decline in production and demand for products, and the global trade in food products was disrupted. In recent months, however, due to the acceleration of vaccination, the relative control of pandemics, as well as the resulting droughts in the world, we are facing an increase in demand and a decrease in the food supply.