Import of pulses from Canada: The per capita consumption of pulses in the country is about 10 kg per person, but according to the Ministry of Jihad Agriculture, about 700 thousand tons of pulses are produced annually and shortages are imported from other countries, including Canada.
High cost of pulses due to lack of production and 80% reduction in imports
Pulses have become more expensive in the market. The reason is clear: in the last one year, both the price of the dollar has risen and the supply of pulses has decreased due to the drought. On the other hand, the import of pulses this year has decreased by 81% compared to the previous year, and this has caused the price of pulses to increase.
With the increase in the price of meat and poultry, the consumption of pulses as one of the alternative proteins has increased, but this product is not far from expensiveness and the price of these products has multiplied in the last two years, so that based on field observations, a variety of pulses in the range of 30 to 75 thousand Tomans are sold in the market and online stores. Official statistics show that despite the lack of production, imports of these products have decreased by 81%.
The cost of packing pulses
The cost of packaging is one of the reasons for the increase in the price of pulses in the domestic market. This year, the farmer has sold chickpeas to distributing companies at a price of 20,000 Tomans per kilo, but chickpeas are sold in the market at a price of more than 40,000 Tomans. Due to the cost of transportation, increasing the cost of fertilizer and wages, the price of pulses will increase in the future as well.
The cost of transporting pulses
The cost of transporting pulses has been staggering. Of course, in addition to transportation costs, Iran will have to pay more due to sanctions. Because the goods do not enter Iran directly and a secondary document is issued to import the goods. For example, pulses are shipped from Canada to Dubai, and transit costs are reimbursed from this country to Iran, and these side costs have caused the price of pulses to fluctuate. As sanctions have increased the cost of transporting and moving money, the cost of transporting a container of pulses from China has multiplied from last year to this year.
World price of pulses
The Iranian Chamber of Trade Unions said that one of the reasons for the high price of pulses was the increase in world prices. In recent years, on the other hand, chickpea production in Turkey and Russia has decreased by 20% due to the recent drought and reduced rainfall. On the other hand, in the post-Corona era, people’s tastes have changed and people around the world are following a healthy diet by switching to vegan-based diets and increasingly consuming plant products, especially grains and pulses.