Saffron is a fragrant and desirable spice that gives a red color and a pleasant taste to a variety of foods. This amazing plant not only has a special place in the table of people among Asian and European dishes, but it is also known as red gold in the world markets. Saffron grows well in dry and waterlogged areas; But it needs special and sensitive conditions for maintenance.
Export of saffron for food and medicine has been common since ancient times. Iran supplies more than 95% of the world’s saffron and is the world’s largest saffron exporter. In fact, Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world. Iranian saffron is also known as the best type of this plant in the world.
Merchants can export saffron in two ways: wholesale and retail. Like any other product, the wholesale price of saffron does not bring much profit to traders. But retail is a more complex and lucrative path because it requires better export marketing, licensing, and company registration.
Saffron is the most expensive agricultural product in Iran that grows in tropical climates. The most important saffron production areas in Iran are Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan provinces. Planting of this crop in other provinces of the country such as North Khorasan, Kerman and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari is done sporadically.
In recent years, small-scale production of this plant in Spain and Afghanistan has taken place.
The top exporters of saffron in the world in 2017 were Iran ($ 114 million), Spain ($ 63.2 million), Afghanistan ($ 18.4 million), Greece ($ 6.97 million) and France ($ 6.42 million).
Top importers of saffron include Spain ($ 54.7 million), Hong Kong ($ 20.8 million), the United States ($ 18 million), Italy ($ 16.7 million) and India ($ 16.6 million).
Iranian saffron export destinations last year
Despite saffron exports to 60 countries, the five countries of Hong Kong, UAE, Spain, China and Afghanistan have been the main destinations for Iranian saffron exports.
The customs tariff for saffron exports (HS CODE) varies according to its gram. The following items indicate the customs tariffs for saffron:
* The customs tariff for saffron in packages less than 10 grams is 09102010.
* For all types of saffron powder, the customs tariff in packaging less than 10 grams is 09102020.
* The customs tariff for saffron in packages less than 30 grams is 09102030.
* Customs tariff for saffron powder in packages less than 30 grams is 09102040.
* Saffron in a package of more than 30 grams includes a customs tariff of 09102090.
The role of saffron in our country is not limited to flavoring Iranian food. As it is known in the world as red gold, in Iran it also plays a significant role in the country’s economic prosperity. More than 90% of the world saffron export market share belongs to Iranian saffron. Paying attention to global standards and quality control of this product can keep us in our real and main position in this market.